Tap any area on the diagram above to read a brief description of its function.
Move your cursor over the diagram to read a brief description of each area.
The spleen is a curved, oval-shaped organ in the left upper part of the abdomen, next to the stomach. The spleen's job is to filter the blood, store blood cells, and remove old blood cells from the blood stream. The spleen also has a role in the immune system (fighting infection). Most people can live without the spleen, but without a spleen may be at higher risk for some infections.
The pancreas is a thin, elongated organ located deep in the center of the abdomen, just in front of the spine. The pancreas is really a large gland, and produces enzymes that help with digestion of food, particularly fatty foods. The pancreas releases these enzymes into the small intestine to aid in digestion. The pancreas is also very important controlling blood sugar. Imbedded within the pancreas are collections of special cells (islets of langerhans), which release hormones (insulin and glucagon) which control the amount of sugar within the blood by causing sugar to be released into the blood (glucagon) or removed from the blood and stored (insulin).
the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion of food occurs, being (in humans and many mammals) a pear-shaped enlargement of the alimentary canal linking the esophagus to the small intestine.
The liver is a large organ in the right upper part of the abdomen. The liver has many important functions, including removing toxins and waste products from things that we eat, and making many important molecules that keep the body functioning. The liver acts as a filter for blood returning from the intestines, and also makes bile which flows through ducts into the intestines to help with digestion of food.
The colon is the large intestine. There are 4 segments of colon. 1) ascending colon in the right side of the abdomen 2) transverse colon which travels horizontally across the upper abdomen 3) descending colon in the left abdomen, which courses downward toward the pelvis. 4) sigmoid colon down in the pelvis, which connects with the rectum. The small intestine connects with the colon in the right lower part of the abdomen.
the part of the intestine that runs between the stomach and the large intestine; the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum collectively.
The kidneys are bean-shaped organs in the body which filter waste-products from the blood, and help the body to balance electrolytes (sodium, potassium, etc). Waste products are removed by the kidneys and then passed into the urine to be expelled by urination. There are two kidneys, a left and a right. They perform the same function, and most people can live with only 1 kidney. The kidneys make urine, which is passed through a tube called the ureter into the urinary bladder.
a membranous sac in humans, in which urine is collected for excretion.
This part of the report describes what the radiologist sees on your images. The radiologist will often comment on both normal and abnormal structures using specific, descriptive medical terms.
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Ryan Short MD